Pradžia » Airija » Ką slepia airiška trispalvė?

Ką slepia airiška trispalvė?

By IrishCentral.com │ adiena.lt

Airijos vėliavos (airiškai, Bratach na hÉireann), panašiai kaip ir lietuviškos, dar vadinamos airių trispalve, istorija turtinga ir įdomi.

Pirmą kartą viešai ji buvo iškelta prieš beveik 169 metus Jaunųjų airių maišto (angl. Young Irelander Rebellion) – dalies 1848 metų revoliucijų, paveikusių didelę Europos dalį, – metu. Tais metais kovo 7 dieną Jaunųjų airių judėjimo lyderis Thomas Francis Meagher iškėlė trispalvę Waterford‘o mieste Wolfe Tone konfederacijos klube.

Nors Amerikoje Thomas Meagher dažniausiai prisimenamas, kaip Jungtinės armijos generolas, dalyvavęs Amerikos pilietiniame kare, ir dabartinės Montanos valstijos gubernatorius, jo vaidmuo Airijos istorijoje ir patriotiniame judėjime taip pat buvo didžiulis.

Th.Meagher iškelta trispalvė Waterford‘e plevėsavo aštuonias dienas ir naktis, kol jos nenuėmė britai.

1848 metų revoliucijos visoje Europoje įkvėpė Th. Meagher ir jo bendraminčius iš Jaunųjų airių judėjimo. Balandžio mėnesį judėjimą atstovaujanti grupė nukeliavo į Prancūziją pasveikinti sukilėlių, nuvertusių karalių Liudviką Philippe I. Čia Th. Meagher prisistatė su Airijos trispalve, pasiūta iš prancūziško šilko.

Airijos vėliava. ©Wikipedia

Airijos vėliava. ©Wikipedia

Grįžęs į Airiją jis pristatė vėliavą šalies žmonėms, paaiškindamas trijų spalvų simboliką: „Per vidurį balta spalva atspindi ilgalaikes paliaubas tarp oranžinės ir žalios. Ir aš tikiu, kad po jos [vėliavos] plazdančiomis klostėmis airiai protestantai ir airiai katalikai gali vieni kitiems broliškai paspausti rankas.“

Žalia spalva reiškia airišką nacionalizmą, oranžinė – Airijos protestantų mažumą ir „Orange“ ordiną, o balta – ilgalaikę taiką tarp jų.

Už dalyvavimą 1848 metų sukilime, kuris, beje, buvo nuslopintas, Th. Meagher buvo teisiamas už išdavystę ir nuteistas mirties bausme, bet bausmė buvo pakeista ištrėmimu į Australiją, iš kur vėliau jis pabėgo ir pradėjo naują gyvenimą JAV.

Pirminė Airijos vėliava.

Pirminė Airijos vėliava. ©Wikipedia

Airiška trispalvė nebuvo plačiai traktuojama kaip Airijos simbolis iki pat 1916 metų Velykų sukilimo (angl. Easter Rising). Pirminė šalies vėliava buvo žalios spalvos su arfa centre. Reikia pastebėti, kad arfa ir dabar išliko nacionaliniu simboliu, o Airija yra vienintelė šalis pasaulyje, turinti simbolį muzikos instrumento pavidalu. Žalią vėliavą su arfa 1642 metais, o gal ir anksčiau, naudojo O’Neill dinastijos lyderis, karys Owen Roe O’Neill.

Velykų sukilimo metu abi vėliavos buvo iškeltos virš centrinio pašto pastato – sukilėlių būstinės. Nuo to laiko trispalvė buvo plačiai pripažinta.

Po sukilimo ją naudojo Airijos respublikonų armija (angl. IRA) Airijos nepriklausomybės karo (1919 – 1921 m.) metu. Valstybiniu laisvos šalies simboliu trispalvė tapo 1922 metais. Tais metais Konstitucijoje buvo patvirtintas 7 straipsnis, skambantis taip: „Nacionalinė Airijos vėliava yra žalia, balta ir oranžinė trispalvė“.

Šiandien Airijos trispalvė yra pasididžiavimo simbolis, ji išlieka svarbus pasiektos taikos priminimas.

Pernai, kai buvo pažymimos Velykų sukilimo šimtosios metinės, o tuo pačiu ir trispalvės, prieš šimtą metų tapusios neatsiejamu Airijos simboliu, šalies gynybos pajėgos ir Thomas F Meagher fondas kiekvienai mokyklai padovanojo po vėliavą. Šių organizacijų atstovai supažindino mokinius su jos istorija, spalvų reikšme ir tinkama priežiūra.

Pavyzdžiui, kad vėliava visada turi plevėsuoti aukščiausiai, ji negali būti keliama prastos būklės, o žalia spalva turi būti prie stiebo. Priešingu atveju, tai bus Dramblio Kaulo Kranto Respublikos (Afrika) vėliava.

Vertinimas: 5.0. Balsų skaičius: 4
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